The Pomeranian is a breed of dog in the Spitz family, named for the Pomerania region in Central Europe and classed as a toy dog breed because of its small size. As determined by the ICF the Pomeranian is part of the German Spitz breed, and in many countries, they are known as the Zwergspitz or Toy German Spitz.
The Joy of Toy Pomeranians
By Rosie Allan
Perhaps you are visiting your local animal shelter, looking to adopt a small dog. You stop by one cage because the dog in there couldn’t get much smaller, and it is very cute. The dog has pointed ears, a foxy face, wide dark eyes and a profuse coat. The bark sounds more like a yap and can get high-pitched. Could this be a purebred dog? This very well could be a purebred toy Pomeranian.
Pomeranians are incredibly popular, but this popularity comes at a price. They are often purchased on impulse and then abandoned when reality sets in. You need to know basic Pomeranian information before taking on one of these dogs. They have certain demands that need to be met, but when they are they become a loyal and chipper companion that will be unforgettable. You need to get used to their yappy bark, their shedding and their delicate skeleton.
Toy Pomeranians look like sturdy little sled dogs with a proud head, high curling tail, profuse coat to keep out the bad weather and a blockish body. However, they are far more fragile than their looks suggest. Cats and even Chihuahuas are far more robust than toy Pomeranians. Reliable Pomeranian information books and websites are filled with instances of Pomeranians dying from falling off of a couch or being rolled on by a sleeping owner.
They look utterly charming and tend to stare directly at you, tilting their heads this way and that to show off the full effects of their bright, dark eyes. It takes time, patience and dedication to live with these dogs. In order to keep their fluffy coat clean and tangle-free, it needs to be groomed every day. Their teeth need to be examined and brushed on a daily basis, as their teeth are about the most delicate in the canine kingdom.
Because of the tiny size of the toy Pomeranian, they are difficult to housebreak completely. Males will always lift their legs to mark territory unless you get them neutered. Many toy Pomeranians have been successfully litter trained, more so females than males. Pomeranians know very well to go outside, but their tiny bladders often cannot hold onto the urine long enough for you to let them out. Pomeranians are very intelligent and very trainable.
The amateur dog breeder should never breed Pomeranians, because of their tiny size. They almost always require lap breeding, Caesarian sections and have many other complications due to pregnancy and birth. Males that are not neutered can become aggressive. Since most Pomeranians have health problems with their eyes, skin, heart and skeletons, only the healthiest should ever breed no matter how cute they look. They are better off with quiet adults rather than a family with young children.
Rosie Allan is an expert on British royal dogs and lives in the countryside of London with two Pomeranians. The Pomeranian, a favorite of royalty, is a descendant of the Spitz sled dogs. Queen Victoria of England, who once had 35 Pomeranians, made the dog popular in England in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Helpful Pomeranian information such as that found here is also available at libraries and through the American Kennel Club.